Nine people have been reportedly killed in Sudan since protesters began a sit-in at the military's headquarters in Khartoum on 6 April, with police and security forces using excessive force to try and disperse protesters calling for President Omar al-Bashir to step down, Amnesty International has learned.
"The Sudanese authorities must stop firing at protesters peacefully exercising their freedom of expression. The killing of people who are simply taking a stand for what they believe in is completely unacceptable," said Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty International's Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.
Amnesty International has verified that two men were killed early Tuesday morning, one close to his house in Omdurman as he returned from the sit-in. The other was killed after what appeared to be a skirmish between National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) and police on the one hand, and officers of the Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) on the other. An army officer was also reportedly shot in the head in the early morning clashes.
The Central Medical Doctors Committee said a further five people were shot and killed in Khartoum on 6 April, when NISS and police officers fired live ammunition and teargas in an attempt to disperse protesters at the sit-in.
The Darfur IDPs' coordination committee also recorded the death of one woman in Zalingei, the capital city of Central Darfur, on the same day. She was shot dead when security officers opened fire on protestors.
In a separate incident, the Central Committee of Sudanese Doctors (CCSD) said one man was killed when he was run over by an NISS vehicle in El Obeid, the capital city of North Kordofan on 7 April.
And on 8 April, junior army officers opened fire, ostensibly to protect peaceful protesters, after NISS agents and police officers attempted to disperse protestors at the military headquarters using firearms.
"All government security and armed forces must immediately stop this reckless and lethal use of violence in the midst of peaceful protests at military headquarters," said Joan Nyanyuki.
Protesters have told Amnesty International that all social media platforms have been jammed and that the phone signal around the military headquarters is noticeably weakened.
City authorities in Khartoum have also cut off the water supply to the area, while cars are being searched and seized by the NISS for ferrying food and water to protesters.
"The move by the authorities to try to starve protesters and deny them access to communication is a clear attempt to silence and deny protesters their human rights. The government must immediately stop depriving people of food and water as a means of oppression," said Joan Nyanyuki.